European Databases of Seismogenic Faults for Science and Engineering

Twitter Seismofaults

Fault scarp

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)


Term Main definition
Fault scarp

The brittle result of a fault that ruptures the ground surface.

When the upper tip of a seismogenic fault lies just below the ground surface and depending on the mechanical conditions of the shallow rock layers one of the coseismic effects of an earthquake rupture is the generation of a scarp. The geomorphic expression of a fault scarp differs depending on the geometry type and sense of fault movement. A fault scarp can be degraded by weathering processes in the short term (i.e. rainfall) and by erosion and sedimentation at large in the medium to long term or be buried under layers of sediment accumulating over it. An old fault scarp - either eroded or buried - can be rejuvenated by repetitive earthquake ruptures.

Author - Super User
Hits - 3618
Synonyms: fault scarp Fault scarps fault scarps

EU flagItalian flag

The work presented on this website has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreements N° 676564 (EPOS IP) and N° 730900 (SERA). It is also financially supported by the EPOS Research Infrastructure through the contribution of the Italian Ministry of University and Research (MUR) for the Joint Research Unit (JRU) EPOS-Italy.

Disclaimer: the content of this website reflects only the authors' views and our funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Note also that each dataset distributed through this platform has its own license.


Software used

developed, hosted and maintained by